Who was Bridget (Carrigan/Corrigan) Vero’s mother?

Vero Stone WestminsterVero/Cannon Gravestone1

Bridget, my great grandmother, is buried in Westminster Cemetery, Bala Cynwyd, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. I first visited the cemetery in 2007 where I acquired copies of the burial records. Her internment record stated she died 21 September 1944 in Westchester County, New York.2 I didn’t know it at the time, but it would take me another five years to acquire her death certificate. It finally arrived in July 2012. Mother unknown. What the…!? No easy answers for you. Okay. Now what? If I really wanted to know who Bridget’s mother was I was going to have to write out everything I knew about her and so began the following case study. This version has been updated to include new information.

The new information

Just recently findmypast has begun digitizing the Catholic Church records from New York and Philadelphia. The Philadelphia records have been digitized and I am able to use the actual records. In the original case study I used a letter dated 8 March 2001, from St. Bridget’s Catholic Church in Philadelphia.

So far the indexes are available for New York, but I have finally found the church where Bridget was baptized. The index pretty much clinches my conclusion for who Bridget’s mother was. I can’t say I have the holy grail, not yet anyway. I still need to see the actual record and not the index but all the ducks are lining up with military precision. I wanted to share this case study to demonstrate you can identify an ancestor without a primary record and if your conclusions are sound they will stand up when new information becomes available.

The Case Study

A bit about Bridget’s maiden name, Carrigan or Corrigan. Both variations appear in the records. Generally in the earliest records, the name is Carrigan while in later records it is Corrigan. The spelling begins to change about the time Father Michael Augustine Corrigan became the third Archbishop of New York in 1885. The family lore was that Archbishop Corrigan was a cousin. To date no evidence has been found to support this bit of lore but you never know. Other variations on the name are Kerrigan or Karrigan. All of these variations were searched in the various records.

Bridget’s death certificate
Bridget (Carrigan) Vero Death CertificateBridget (Carrigan) Vero died 21 September 1944 in Eastchester, Westchester County, New York.3 Her death certificate asserts that she was born 21 September 1883 in New York City, and was 61 years 0 months and 0 days old when she died. I don’t know about you but alarm bells are ringing in my head. What are the odds that Bridget died on her birthday? I didn’t know, but my first thought was that can’t be. Well, it turns out the odds are higher than I would have thought. If you are in your 20’s you have a 25.39% higher chance of dying on your birthday–hum wonder why that might be? In your 60’s your chance increases by 5.75%.4 So there is a higher chance but as we will discover Bridget did not die on her birthday nor was she even close to 61 years old when she died. Bridget was a widow, her husband was Thomas Vero. Her father was Patrick Corrigan born in Ireland. Her mother was not known, but she was also born in Ireland, according to her daughter, Loretta Vero.5

Bridget’s Marriage
Bridget married Thomas Vero 23 November 1893 at Saint Bridget’s Catholic Church in Philadelphia.6St Bridgets Catholic Church
Saint Bridget Catholic Church, East Falls, Philadelphia circa 1900.7

Bridget’s parents names are not recorded in the register nor can they be found in the civil record.8 Thomas appeared at the Orphan’s Court 18 November 1893 to apply for the marriage license. With no documentation, he gave his date of birth as 19 August 1869 born in England. His actual date of birth was 26 August 1867.9

Marriage Records Vero to Carrigan, Civil & Church
Bridget Marriage Certificate
The section for Bridget only lists an age, 24 and a birth year of 1869, born in New York City. This suggests that Bridget was not present when the affidavit was filled out and filed. The affidavit does give Bridget’s place of residence, North 35th and Bowman Streets, Falls of the Schuylkill. Thomas should know where his intended was living. His residence was 113 Warner Street in Manayunk a couple of miles away. Comparing the birth year from the marriage affidavit to the death certificate, the first thing you notice is that the birth listed in the death certificate is obviously incorrect. Surely Bridget was older than 10 when she married! While Thomas did not know Bridget’s exact age she was at least 21 years old. The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania required the consent of a parent or guardian for anyone under the age of 21.10 A survey of other applications on the microfilm produced several containing consents to marry.  There is no consent present in Thomas’ and Bridget’s application.

Bowman Street, Falls of the Schuylkill & Warner Street, Manayunk, Philadelphia
Vero & Carrigan home map
Bowman Street is located about 4.5 miles North of Center City, in what was the village of Falls of the Schuylkill. The neighborhood is now known as East Falls. Warner Street is located in the neighborhood of Manayunk just northwest of East Falls. Warner Street was changed to Kingsley Street in 1898.11 Bridget & Thomas lived about two miles from each other at the time of their marriage.

1900 U. S. Census Thomas Vero household
1900 Census Vero
Six and a half years after Bridget and Thomas were married they can be found in the 1900 census residing at 3512 Bowman Street,12 the same location from the marriage record for Bridget’s address, North 35th and Bowman Streets.

Thomas and Bridget’s household:
1  Thomas Vero, head, born August 1867, age 32, married 6 years born in England. Parents born in England.
2  Bridjet (sic) Vero, wife, born April 1871, age 28, married 6 years mother of 3 children 3 living, born in New York. Parents born in Ireland.
3  Maria Vero, daughter, born September 1894, age 5 born in Pennsylvania.
4  Joseph Vero, son, born August 1895, age 4 born in Pennsylvania.
5  Loretta Vero, daughter born August 1899, age 6/12 born in Pennsylvania.
6  Annie L Corrigan, boarder, born September 1878, age 21, single born in Pennsylvania.

Loretta, who was the informant on Bridget’s death certificate from New York is in the household. But who is Annie L Corrigan? Remember her. She will become important later.

1880 U. S. Census, Patrick Carrigan Household
1880 Census Carrigan
The first available census prior to Bridget’s marriage is the 1880 census, and it is the first census that gives a relationship to the head of household. Four Bridget Carrigan/Corrigans have been identified in Philadelphia. Three can be eliminated from consideration, they are too old to be the Bridget who married Thomas in 1893.13 The remaining Bridget is 13, born in New York and the daughter of Patrick Carrigan, born in Ireland.14 The data matches what was asserted in Bridget’s death certificate about her place of birth and the information provided about her father. Bridget’s calculated birth year, about 1867–68 is within a reasonable range of her age listed in the marriage affidavit. Another clue that we have the correct family comes from the information in the first two unnumbered columns on the census form.15 Bowman Street is entered into the first column. “No Street Numbers” in the second column. Proceeding up the page in the first column is 35th Street. The Carrigan household is residing on Bowman near 35th matching the address from the marriage affidavit

The 1880 census provides the following family group:

Patrick Carrigan, age 53 born about 1827 in Ireland and works in the Carpet Mill. His wife Ann, age 50 born about 1830 in Ireland.

Children of Patrick and potentially Ann are:

i   Maggie Carrigan, age 23 born about 1857 in New York.
ii  Patrick, Carrigan, Jr., age 21 born about 1859 in New York.
iii Katie Carrigan, age 19 born about 1861 in New York.
iv Ellen Carrigan, age 17 born about 1863 in  New York.
v  John Carrigan, age 15 born about 1865 in New York.
vi Bridget Carrigan age 13 born about 1867 in New York.

Philadelphia City Directories
Philadelphia City Directories
An analysis of the Philadelphia city directories shows the same family in the same neighborhood from 1878–1894 and beyond.16 See Table 1. For this article I will only be looking at the directories up to 1894, the year following Bridget’s marriage to Thomas Vero. Patrick Carrigan’s address is described several ways depending on the year of the directory. This is fairly common when viewing city directories across numerous years.17
Table 118

Patrick’s Addresses Map Location Year Occupation Source Surname
Beaumont near North 35th  1 1878 Laborer Directory Corrigan
3504 Bowman 1 1879 Not given Directory Carrigan
Bowman 1 1880 Works in Carpet Mill Census Carrigan
3504 Bowman 1 1880 Not given Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1881–1883 Laborer Directory Corrigan
Bowman near Reading Rail Road 1 1884 Laborer Directory Corrigan
Sunnyside Avenue near North 35th 2 1885 Laborer Directory Corrigan
Bowman near Cresson 1 1886 laborer Directory Corrigan
Bowman near  Cresson 1 1887 Not given Directory Corrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1888 Not given Directory Corrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1889 Laborer Directory Corrigan
Bowman near Cresson 1 1890 Shoemaker Directory Corrigan
Bowman near Cresson 1 1891 Not given Directory Corrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1892 Not given Directory Carrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1893 Laborer Directory Carrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1894 Not given Directory Corrigan

Carrigan/Corrigan Household’s by Year
Map 2Falls Shulykill Map
Looking at the map you can see that Bowman Street intersects both North 35th and ends at Cresson. It appears that between 1880 and 1889 the Carrigan’s moved from one house on Bowman Street to another— which it turns out is exactly what happened. The city directories clearly show Patrick living in the same neighborhood from 1878–1894, strengthening the conclusion that the family from 1880 is Bridget’s family.

In addition to Patrick, three other male Carrigan/Corrigans appear in the same neighborhood, at locations, 1, 2 and 3. They are Patrick Jr., John and Hugh. Two of them Patrick, Jr. and John are residing at Patrick’s in the 1880 census and for various years in the city directories. See Tables 2, 3, & 4.

Table 219

Patrick Jr.’s Addresses  Map Location Year Occupation Source Surname
Bowman near North 35th 1 1878 Weaver Directory Carrigan
3504 Bowman 1 1879 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman 1 1880 Works in Carpet Mill Census Carrigan
3504 Bowman 1 1880 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1881 Weaver Directory Corrigan

Table 320

John’s Addresses Map Location Year Occupation Source Surname
Bowman 1 1880 Works in Carpet Mill Census Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1888 Weaver Directory Corrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1889 Laborer Directory Corrigan
Bowman near Cresson 1 1890 Weaver Directory Corrigan
Bowman near Cresson 1 1891 Glass maker Directory Corrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1892 Glass maker Directory Carrigan
3516 Bowman 1 1893 Laborer Directory Carrigan

At this point you might be wondering why I am going to all this trouble identifying Bridget’s siblings. Two words “FAN Club.” FAN stands for Friends, Associates and Neighbors.21 Bridget’s death certificate did not give her mother’s name – and hopefully one of her sibling’s death certificate will provide a mother’s name.

Is Hugh another son of Patrick Sr. and Ann?

Table 422

Hugh’s Addresses  Map Location Year Occupation Source Surname
Beaumont near North 35th 1 1878 Weaver Directory Corrigan
21st Ward Bowman 1 1878 Factory Worker Birth Record Corrigan
1504 Bowman 1 1879 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Allegheny Avenue 1 1880 Carpet Weaver Census Corrigan
1504 Bowman 1 1880 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1881 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1882 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1883 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1884 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1885 Weaver Directory Carrigan
Bowman Near Cresson 1 1886 Weaver Directory Corrigan
Not Found 1 1887
Bowman near North 35th 1 1888 Weaver Directory Corrigan
3514 Bowman 1 1889 Weaver Directory Corrigan
Bowman near North 35th 1 1890 Weaver Directory Corrigan
3418 Division 3 1891 Weaver Directory Corrigan
3418 Division 3 1892 Weaver Directory Corrigan
3418 Division 3 1893 Weaver Directory Corrigan

Hugh appears at a number of locations prior to 1881. After 1881 he consistently appears in the same neighborhood as Patrick, Sr. While this is not enough to prove a relationship it does suggest there is a potential for a relationship. Another piece of evidence supporting a relationship is the 1880 census for Hugh.

1880 U. S. Census Hugh Corrigan Household1880 Census Hugh
Hugh’s family consists of the following:23
Hugh Corrigan age 25 born in New York, parents born in Ireland. His wife Kate is 23 born in New Brunswick. New Brunswick is the town in Middlesex County, New Jersey and not the province in Canada. See the 1900 census below for Patrick Carrigan.

1  Lizzie age 4 born in New Brunswick
2  Annie age 1 born about 1878–1879 in Pennsylvania.

Remember the Annie L Corrigan from the 1900 census? She was born in September 1878. Her age corresponds with Hugh and Kate’s daughter Annie in the 1880 census. Hugh and Kate’s daughter Annie Corrigan was born 20 September 1878 in Philadelphia.24 One more piece of evidence that Hugh is related to Bridget.

1900 U. S. Census Patrick Carrigan Household1900 Census PatrickIn the 1900 census Patrick Sr. is residing at 3516 Bowman Street.25 Two doors away from Thomas and Bridget Vero who are at 3512 Bowman Street.26

Patrick’s household:
1  Patrick Carrigan, head, born March 1830, age 70, widow, born in Ireland, parents born in Ireland.
2  Maggie Carrigan, daughter, born January 1861, age 39, single, born in New York, parents born in Ireland.
3  Ellen Carrigan, daughter, born May 1870, age 30, single, born in New York, parents born in Ireland.
4  William H Carrigan, grandson, born August 1880, age 19, single born in Pennsylvania. Father born in New York. Mother born in New Jersey.

First take a look at William H Carrigan, Patrick’s grandson. William was born 29 August 1880.27 He is the son of the Hugh and Kate in the 1880 census from above. This entry confirms that Kate was born in New Jersey and not in Canada. It also confirms that the Hugh Carrigan from the city directories and the 1880 census is Bridget’s older brother and a son of Patrick.

Returns of Death: Two Ann CorrigansAnns Death Record
By June 1900 Patrick’s wife Ann has died, he is a widow. She died sometime between 1 June 1880 and 1 June 1900. A search for her death record produced two possibilities. I expected there to be more than two Ann Corrigan/Carrigan’s who died in that 20 year time span but there weren’t. The two Ann Corrigan’s are:

1 Ann Corrigan born in Ireland about 1847 and died 15 October 1885.28 The undertakers return cites the 30th Ward, 2025 Webster Street. The burial was on 17 October 1885 at New Cathedral Cemetery.

2 Ann Corrigan born in Ireland about 1833 and died 8 December 1885.29  The undertakers return cites the 28th Ward, 35th and “Damon or possibly Daman” Street, Falls Schuylkill. The burial was 12 December 1885 at New Cathedral Cemetery.

The first Ann died at 2025 Webster Street in the 30th Ward. It is not in the neighborhood or ward that has been identified for Patrick and Ann Corrigan. Thus eliminating her from consideration.

That leaves the second Ann, who died in the same neighborhood of the Carrigan family. However there is a discrepancy in the address. The undertaker wrote what appears to be “35th and Damon St Falls Schuylkill” in Ward 28.30 The problem, there is not a street by the name of Damon anywhere in Ward 28 nor in Falls Schuylkill. Nor does there appear to be a street by that name anywhere in Philadelphia. One explanation–the undertaker wrote Damon instead of Bowman. If this is the case there is still one more anomaly.

Falls of the Schuylkill in Ward 28Ward 28 map
The 1885 city directory showed Patrick residing on Sunnyside Street.31 Which just happens to be the same year his wife died at 35th and Bowman. There are a number of possible explanations for why the two “addresses” don’t match.

Explanation 1
Patrick and Ann moved from Sunnyside to Bowman sometime during 1885 before Ann died in December. Supported by the 1886 directory where Patrick is back on Bowman Street32 this appears to be the most likely.

Explanation 2
The undertaker could have meant Sunnyside and not Damon Street. This option is a bit to much of a stretch.

Explanation 3
Patrick Jr is residing on Sunnyside & Patrick Sr. was missed by the canvassers. The main problem with this explanation is the occupation listed. Patrick Jr.’s occupation was a weaver not a laborer and he disappears from the directories after 1881. The following information was not known when I first did this case study and was not discovered until several years later when further analysis was done on his death certificate. Patrick Jr. does show up again in the 1900 census in Norristown, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania at the State Hospital for the Insane where he remained until 4 April 1938 when he died.33 It is not known when he was admitted or his diagnosis. Currently Pennsylvania law requires a court order to access the information.

One more piece of new information which will make things at first look—seem even more perplexing.

The 1900 census shows Patrick owns his home and has a mortgage.34 Just recently I discovered that Philadelphia has online indexes for its historical deeds. I found two transactions with Patrick Carrigan/Corrigans. The first was in 187735 and the second in 188436. The second one is the deed for Patrick’s home. He purchased 3916 Bowman Street on 10 November 1884 from the widow Mary Ann Cook. In the deed Patrick is “Patrick J Corrigan, laborer.”

Indenture Mary Ann Cook to Patrick J Corrigan, laborerCarrigan Deed
You might be scratching your head about now. Why isn’t Patrick living in his own home in 1885? One possible answer lies in the wording of the deed.

It appears that Mrs. Cook was renting out 3516 Bowman Street. She purchased the property from Charles and Elizabeth Abbot 31 July 1871.37 By 1 June 1880 she is residing at 112 Queen Street, Falls Schuylkill, suffering from cholera38. The deed contains the following phase “…and the Reversions and Remainders Rents issues and Profits thereof…” This bit of legalese is saying that the property is being rented and the purchaser has the right to those rents.

The simplest explanation for all the different addresses is that Patrick was living on Sunnyside when the canvassers came by in 1884 for the 1885 directory. He moved back to Bowman sometime after 10 November 1884 when he purchased his home and the renters moved out. And the undertaker wrote Damon instead of Bowman.

3516 Bowman Street
3516 Bowman Street

New Cathedral Cemetery

Ann’s death record records her burial at New Cathedral Cemetery. She is buried in Section P, Range 2 Lot 5, Grave 2 East of a four grave lot in the name of Patrick Carrigan.39
The burials in the lot are:
East
i.    Mary R Carrigan buried 9 July 1889 age 3 months.40 Daughter of Hugh and Kate.
ii.   James McKenna buried 11 January 1893, age 8 hours.41 Son of Katherine (Carrigan) McKenna.
iii.  Kate Carrigan buried 18 February 1893, age 36.42 Wife of Hugh.
iv.   Hugh Carrigan buried 22 June 1925, age 63.43 Husband of Kate
2 East
i.   Ann Carrigan buried 12 December 1885, age 54, matching the burial date on the Return of A Death.44 Wife of Patrick.
ii.  John J Carrigan re-interned 12 December 1885, age 3 days.45 Son of Hugh and Kate. iii. Mary Ann McKenna buried 29 March 1886, age 3 months.46 Daughter of Katherine (Carrigan) McKenna.
iv.  Patrick Carrigan buried 23 January 1912, age 83.47 Husband of Ann.
v.   Margaret Corrigan buried 4 June 1943, age 90.48 Daughter of Patrick and Ann.
2 West
i.    Ellen Carrigan buried 2 July 1935, age 68.49 Daughter of Patrick and Ann.
ii.   Patrick Carrigan buried 6 April 1938, age 68.50 Son of Patrick and Ann.
West
i.    Thomas Vero buried 11 October 1905.51 Son of Thomas and Bridget (Carrigan) Vero.
ii.   John Carrigan buried 28 March 1944 age 67.52 Son of Patrick and Ann.
iii. Catherine Carrigan buried 28 March 1944 age 36.53 Daughter of John.

New Cathedral CemeteryNew Cathedral Cemetery, Philadelphia, Section P, Range 2, Lot 5 

Pennsylvania Death Certificates

This case study started as a result of acquiring Bridget’s death certificate in July 2012. On 13 February 2012 Pennsylvania’s open records law went into effect allowing death records to be open after 50 years. Previously death records were only available up to 1906. I had no chance of acquiring her siblings or her father’s death certificates before the new law went into effect. When the indexes first came online there was no search function where you typed in a name and got a result. Once you had a certificate number the wait time to receive a record was almost 4 months and if I remember correctly there was a limit to how many you could order at one time. In August of 2012 Ancestry signed a contract with the Pennsylvania State Archives to digitize the records. It would take 18 months for all of them to be uploaded to Ancestry.54

I found the certificate numbers for Bridget’s six known siblings and her father in the newly published index plus a number of other certificates for other lines. Then I got lucky and one of my genealogy buddies was on her summer genealogy trip. She was going to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania the location of the Pennsylvania Archives. She needed to do some research there and offered to get as many certificates as she could for me. They had a limit of 10 per day per patron and she needed a number of them herself. Lucky for us both she had a travel companion and that meant we could get 20 certificates a day. Yahoo! My first priority was to get as many of Bridget’s siblings certificates as possible as they gave me my best shot at answering my question.

Death CertificatesPennsylvania Death Certificates

Out of the six certificates of Bridget’s siblings, four gave a maiden name for their mother.
1  Hugh, father Patrick, mother Ann Ghee, informant Bridget Carrigan, his second wife.55
2  Margaret, father Patrick Corrigan, mother Anna Ghee, informant, Marie Cannon, oldest daughter of Thomas and Bridget (Carrigan) Vero.56
3  Patrick, father Patrick Carrigan, mother Anna Ghee, informant Margaret Carrigan, sister.57
4  Ellen, father Patrick Carrigan, mother Ann Gee, informant CLM for Mage (sic) Corrigian, The address given is for Ellen’s sister Margaret. CLM is the undertaker/sexton Charles Lane McIlwain.48

The other two contained errors/omissions.

1  Katherine, father James Corrigan, mother Mary the informant was Katherine’s husband Thomas McKenna.58 Thomas would have or should have known Katherine’s parents. He and Katherine were married about the time Katherine’s mother Ann died. Their two children are buried with the rest of the family. Their daughter was Mary Ann and their son was James. James Carrigan was Patrick Sr.’s father per his death certificate.59 It could be that Thomas mixed up who his wife’s parents were.
2  John, father Patrick Corrigan, mother not known, informant was Mabel Mayer, John’s daughter.60

It certainly looks like Ann Ghee was Bridget’s mother. But there is one more hurtle, one more box to check. Bridget was the youngest child thus far identified. Her brother John was the previous child. Neither Bridget’s or John’s death certificates names their mother. It is possible that they are not the children of Ann Ghee but of a second wife of Patrick’s. This possibility needs to be examined.

New York City Census Records
New York Census Carrigan

The Carrigan’s have been found in both the 186061 and 187062 census’s. They have not be located in the state census. New York City was one of four major cities63 to have a recount of the 1870 U. S. census due to perceived under-counting. The fervor was such that President Ulysses S Grant ordered the recount.64 The first was done 1 June. The second was conducted about six months later. The Carrigan family appears in both enumerations with a slightly different makeup.

1860 Census Enumeration 1870 Census First Enumeration  1870 Census Second Enumeration
Patrick Corigan, age 33, Shoemaker Patrick Corrigan, age 40, Carpet Factory Patrick Carrigan, age 45, Laborer
Ann Corigan, age 30 Ann Corrigan, age 38, Keeping House Ann Carrigan, age  40
Hugh Corigan, age 7 Hugh Corrigan, age 16, Carpet Factory Hugh Carrigan, age 21
Margaret A Corigan, age 4 Maggie Corrigan, age 14, Carpet Facotry Margt Carrigan age 15
Patrick Corigan, age 3 Patsey Corrigan, age 12, School Patrick Carrigan, age 12
Catherine Corigan, age 1 Kate Corrigan, age 11, School Kate Carrigan, age 8
Ellen Corrigan, age 9, School Ellen Carrigan, age 8
John Corrigan, age 6, School John Carrigan, age 4
Bridget Corrigan, age 4, Home Bridget Carrigan, age 3
Lizzie Corrigan, age 1, Home Lizzie Carrigan, age 1
Malecha Hughes, age 66 Shoemaker James Gee, age 30

Malecha Hughes from the 1860 enumeration may have been a co-worker of Patrick’s as they both share an occupation. Otherwise he has not been identified. With one glaring exception the ages of the children across the three enumerations are relatively consistent. Patrick Sr.’s and Hugh’s age difference is unexplained. More importantly Ann’s age is two years off in the first 1870 enumeration, but it is consistent between 1860, the second enumeration of 1870 and her age in the 1880 census where she is 50.65 With the appearance of James Ghee in the second enumeration a little weight is added to Ann Ghee being the mother to all of Patrick’s children. As it turns out James Ghee is Ann’s brother— but that is another story.

New York City Birth Records
New York Births
A search for civil birth records in New York has yielded little success in locating records for Patrick and Ann’s children. All variations of the surname were searched. Two children were found in the registers that might be their children.

1  John Kerrigan born 7 June 1864. 66 He was born at Bellevue Hospital the parents are Patrick and Ann Kerrigan.
2  An unnamed female child born 20 July 1861 to a Patrick and Ann Kerrigan, residence North 42nd Street.67

At this point, without more information, neither one of these records can be said to be children of Patrick and Ann.

New York City Deaths

One death record was found that might belong to the family. An infant daughter of a Patrick Corrigan, the mother is not identified, died 20 August 1853.68 A search of the death index for an Ann between 1850–1870 did not yield any deaths that could be Patrick’s wife.

New York City Marriages

To date a marriage record has not been found in New York City for Patrick and Ann. Two factors may have played a role in why a marriage has not been found. The first, the State of New York did not require marriages to be recorded during the time frame in question. Since there are not civil records available, the next step is to try to find a church record. Based on addresses found in the 2nd enumeration of the 1870 census69 and an 1857 city directory for New York City70 the likely church would be Church of the Holy Cross in New York County. Between July 2012 and June 2013 I sent a number of emails, an actual letter and made a follow up phone call to Holy Cross requesting a look up for a marriage for Patrick and Ann. No reply has been received. In June of 2014 I hired a researcher to go to the church. She reported no records found.

Review

At this point I was reasonably certain that Ann Ghee was the mother of all of Patrick’s children. Four of the death certificates named her as the mother. I could not find any deaths in New York or Philadelphia that might indicate that Patrick was married more than once. One other record suggested that Ann Ghee was also Bridget’s mother. On 23 September 1894 Thomas Vero and Bridget’s daughter Marie was baptized at Saint Bridget’s Catholic Church in Philadelphia, and her godparents were William Ghee and Margaret Corrigan.71 Margaret is undoubtedly Bridget’s sister. William Ghee it turns out is Ann’s first cousin. But that is for another story. P. S. Gulielmus is Latin for William.

Marie Vero BaptismMarie Vero Baptism

New Information.

As I mentioned at the start of this article findmypast has started digitizing the Catholic Church records from New York and Philadelphia. These records are part of “The Catholic Heritage Archive” only available on findmypast. The goal is to digitize the Catholic Church records in Britain, Ireland & North America.

The images for New York have not been uploaded but an index is available. This is what I found.72 Can you say happy dance? Bridget’s mother was Ann Ghee!

Name Birth date Baptism Date Father  Mother Church
Catherine 1857 22 May 1859 Patrick Corrigan Ann Gee Church of the Holy Cross, New York County
Ellen 20 July 1861 9 August 1861 Patrick Corrigan Ann Gee Church of the Holy Cross, New York County
Julia 13 March 1863 19 April 1863 Patrick Corrigan Ann McGee Church of the Holy Cross, New York County
John 19 November 1864 1 January 1865 Patrick Corrigan Ann Ghee Church of the Holy Cross, New York County
Bridget 15 June 1866 29 June 1866 Patrick Corrigan Ann Gee Church of the Holy Cross, New York County
Elizabeth 7 August 1869 13 August 1869 Patrick Corrigan Ann Gees Church of the Holy Cross, New York County

One baptism coincides with one of the civil birth records. The unnamed female Kerrigan born 20 July 186173 is the same date of birth given in the baptismal record from Holy Cross for Ellen Corrigan. The civil record for John Kerrigan is 5 months earlier than the baptismal record for John.74

Summery
Church of the Holy Cross, the church I suspected from the two addresses I found in New York City is the same church that several baptisms have been found for Ann and Patrick’s children. Once the images of the parish records are available I may be able to determine if the above Julia is also a child of Patrick and Ann. Below is a table of the records that name Patrick’s known children’s mother.

Child Record Mother
Hugh Death Certificate Ann Ghee
Margaret Death Certificate Ann Ghee
Patrick Death Certificate Ann Ghee
Catherine Baptismal Record Ann Gee
Ellen Civil Birth, Baptismal Record & Death Certificate Ann Gee
John Baptismal Record Ann Gee
Bridget Baptismal Record Ann Gee
Elizabeth Baptismal Record Ann Gees

The earliest record placing Patrick in New York City is the 1857 city directory.75 The earliest record naming Ann in New York City is the baptism of her daughter Catherine in 1859. The lack of baptisms for the three oldest children and the lack of a marriage record for Patrick and Ann indicates they may not be in New York City prior to 1857.

Oh yeah, remember what started all of this, Bridget’s death certificate? The death certificate said she died on her birthday, 21 September 1944 at the age of 61. Well, she didn’t die on her birthday. She was 78 years 3 months and 7 days old when she died a far cry from the 61 years on her death certificate.


  1. Ann C Gilchrest, “Vero Gravestone,” digital art; Westminster Cemetery Photographs, privately held by Ann C Gilchrest, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Original photograph taken in 2007, digitally painted in 2018. Information on the stone has not been altered. 
  2. Westminster Cemetery Office, (Bala Cynwrd, Pennsylvania), Interment Order, 21 September 1944, no. 28976, Bridget Vero, Section Riverview, Lot 666, Grave 2. 
  3. New York State, death certificate, Bridget Vero, 21 September 1944; Department of Health, Albany, New York. 
  4. Jason Millman, Wonkblog “You’re more likely to die on your birthday,” The Washington Post (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/wonk : accessed 30 March 2018). 
  5. Saint Bridget Catholic Church (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Register of Baptisms Volume III, 9 October 1887–25 January 1903, p. 350, entry Lorettam Vero, baptized 18 December 1898; digital image, findmypast (http://findmypast.com : accessed 29 January 2108); citing Archdiocese of Philadelphia Archives, microfilm publication 26.01. Entries in Latin. 
  6.  Saint Bridget Catholic Church (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Register of Marriages Volume II, 7 April 1875–4 September 1908, p.98 entry for Vero to Carrigan, married 23 November 1893; digital image, findmypast (http://findmypast.com : accessed 29 January 2108); citing Archdiocese of Philadelphia Archives, microfilm publication 26.03. Entries in Latin. 
  7.  Ann C Gilchrest, “Saint Bridget Catholic Church, East Falls, Philadelphia, circa 1900” digital art; Pennsylvania Church Records , privately held by Ann C Gilchrest, Sioux Falls, South Dakota. Original image is a postcard, digitally painted in 2018. 
  8. State of Pennsylvania, Affidavit of Applicant for Marriage License, no. 64884, Thos H Vero and Bridget Corrigan; Philadelphia County Pennsylvania, County Court, Clerk of the Orphans’ Court, Philadelphia; FHL microfilm 1299905. 
  9. Thomas birth record records his date of birth as 26 August 1867 born in Northgate, Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England. England, birth certificate (transcribed) for Tom Haywood Vero, born 29 August 1867; citing register, vol. 9b, p. 612, no. 406, Dewsbury registration district and sub district; General Registry Office, Dewsbury. 
  10. “An Act Relating to marriage licenses, providing for officers herein indicated to issue licenses for parties to marry.” Laws of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Passed at the Session of 1885 (Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Edwin K Meyers, State Printer, 1885), p. 146-149, specifically p. 148. 
  11. “Philadelphia Historic Streets Index,” database, PhillyHistory.org (https://www.phillyhistory.org : accessed 3 April 2018); citing original road records, docket books, jury decisions and surveys held by the Philadelphia Archives. 
  12. 1900 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia Ward 38, Enumeration District (ED) 978, p. 36A (stamped), dwelling 271, family 272, Thomas Vero household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed before 2004); citing NARA microfilm publication T623, roll 1479. 
  13. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 181, p. 324B (stamped), dwelling 41, family 42, line 1, Bridget Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 March 2013); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1172. Age 27. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 100, p. 345B (stamped), dwelling 100, family 134, line 50, Bridget Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 March 2013); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1170. Age 77. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 100, p. 346A (stamped), dwelling 100, family 134, line 1, Bridget Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 3 March 2013); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1170. Age 37. 
  14. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 608, p. 594B (stamped), dwelling 49, family 52, Patrick Carrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed before 2003); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1187. 
  15. 1880 U. S. Census Instructions to Enumerators, IPUMS USA (http://usa.ipumas.org : accessed 1 March 2013), Path Enumeration Forms>1880 Enumerator Instructions>Streets and Street Numbers in Cities, “The first two columns (not numbered in series) on the population schedule require the entry, in cities, of the street and street number of each occupied dwelling house. The name of the street should be written lengthwise of the space.” 
  16. Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for…, (Philadelphia: James Gopsill, 1878), p. 357, Carrigan, Patrick; “U.S. City Directories, 1821–1995,” digital images, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com : accessed 31 March 2018); also subsequent years by same title: (1879) p. 299, (1880) p. 315, (1881) p. 302, (1882) p. 356, (1883), p. 363, the following years spelled Corrigan, (1884) p. 362, (1885) p. 396, (1886) p. 377, (1887) p. 377, (1888) p. 390, (1889) p. 398, (1890) p. 410, (1891) p. 390, spelled Carrigan (1892) p. 316, (1893) p. 315, spelled Corrigan (1894) p. 412. 
  17. Kory L. Meyerink, AG, FUGA, “Effective Use of City Directories,” ProGenealogist (http://www.progenealogists.com/citydirectories.htm : accessed : 28 February 2013); A version of the article was first published in Heritage Quest Magazine, March/April 2001. “Most directories claim to have been created entirely new each year, from a fresh canvass of the entire city… Hence, a family who never moved or changed occupations may appear differently each year. The name may be spelled differently, the occupation may vary, or the name may not even appear for a couple of years, all because one canvasser did his job differently than a previous one.” Kathleen W. Hinckly, “Analyzing City Directories,” Board for Certification of Genealogists (http:www.bcgcertification.org : accessed 28 February 2013), tab Skillbuilding; citing OnBoard [newsletter] vol. 2 (May 1996), p. 16. 
  18. The original entries includes abbreviations they have been spelled out for clarity. 
  19. Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for…, (Philadelphia: James Gopsill’s Sons, 1878), p. 292, Corrigan, Patrick, Jr.; “”U.S. City Directories, 1821–1995,” digital images, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com : accessed 25 February 2013); also subsequent years by same title: (1879) p. 299, (1880) p. 315, (1881) p. 371. 
  20. Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for…, (Philadelphia: James Gopsill, 1888), p. 390, Corrigan, John; “U.S. City Directories, 1821–1995,” digital images, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com : accessed 25 February 2013); subsequent years by same title: (1889) p. 398, (1890) p. 410, (1891) p. 390, (1892) p. 316, (1893), p. 315. 
  21. FAN Club: a methodology for research developed by Elizabeth Shown Milles. 
  22. Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for..., (Philadelphia: James Gopsill, 1879), p. 299, Carrigan, Hugh; “U.S. City Directories, 1821–1995,” digital images, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com : accessed 31 March 2018); also in subsequent years, same title: (1880) p. 315, (1881) p. 302, (1882) p. 356, (1883), p. 363, (1884) p. 295, (1885) p. 319, (1886) p. 378, (1888) p. 390, (1889) p. 397, (1890) p. 410, (1891) p. 390, (1892) p. 400, (1893) p. 400. After 1886 surname spelled Corrigan. 
  23. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 606, p. 571D (stamped), dwelling 224, family 224, Hugh Corrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 July 2004); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1187. 
  24. Philadelphia Board of Health, Birth registrations, Book 1878, p. 40, last line, Annie Corrigan; FHL microfilm 1289319. 
  25. 1900 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia Ward 38, Enumeration District (ED) 978, p. 35B (stamped), dwelling 268, family 269, Patrick Carrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 31 March 2018); citing NARA microfilm publication T623, roll 1479. 
  26. 1900 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia Ward 38, Enumeration District (ED) 978, p. 36A (stamped), dwelling 271, family 272, Thomas Vero household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed before 2004); citing NARA microfilm publication T623, roll 1479. 
  27. Philadelphia Board of Health, Birth registrations, Book 1880, p. 6, 29 August, Wm H. J. P. Carrigan; FHL microfilm 1289320. Son of Hugh J & Catherine C Carrigan. Residence Bowman near 35th. Note there is an online index for this record at FamilySearch. This entry is indexed as “Wm. H. T. P. Canigan.” 
  28. Return of a Death in the City of Philadelphia, no. 1141, Ann Corrigan, 15 October 1885; FHL microfilm publication 2070701. 
  29. Return of a Death in the City of Philadelphia, no. 3, Ann Corrigan, 8 December 1885; FHL microfilm publication 2070704. 
  30. Ibid. 
  31.   Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for…, (Philadelphia: James Gopsill, 1885), p. 396, Carrigan, Patrick; “U.S. City Directories, 1821–1995,” digital images, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com : accessed 31 March 2018). 
  32.   Gopsill’s Philadelphia City Directory for…, (Philadelphia: James Gopsill, 1886), p. 377, Carrigan, Patrick; “U.S. City Directories, 1821–1995,” digital images, Ancestry (http://ancestry.com : accessed 31 March 2018). 
  33. 1900 U. S. Census, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Norristown, Enumeration District (ED) 241, p. 149B (stamped), dwelling State Hospital for the Insane, line 59, Patrick Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 February 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication T623, roll 1444. 1910 U.S. Census, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Norristown, Enumeration District (ED) 120, p. 171B (stamped), dwelling State Hospital for the Insane, line 86, Patrick Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 February 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication T624, roll 1379. 1920 U. S. Census, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Norristown, Enumeration District (ED) 143, p. 187B (stamped), dwelling State Hospital for the Insane, line 73, Patrick Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 February 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication T625, roll 1604. 1930 U. S. Census, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Norristown, Enumeration District (ED) 46-111, p. 161A (stamped), dwelling State Hospital for the Insane, line 37, Patrick Carrigan; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 February 2015); citing NARA microfilm publication T626, roll 2081. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 38554, Patrick Carrigan, 4 April 1938; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  34. 1900 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia Ward 38, Enumeration District (ED) 978, p. 36A (stamped), dwelling 271, family 272, Thomas Vero household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed before 2004); citing NARA microfilm publication T623, roll 1479. 
  35. Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, Deed Book, Volume DHL no. 121, p. 110–11, George W Shirley & Priscilla, wife to Patrick Corrigan, 13 July 1877; FHL microfilm publication 1319030. 
  36. Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, Deed Book, Volume JOD no. 237, p. 526–7, Mary Ann Cook to Patrick J Corrigan, 11 December 1884; FHL microfilm publication 8091028. 
  37. Ibid. 
  38. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 608, p. 592A (stamped), dwelling & family 4, Mary Ann Cook household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 7 April 2018); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1187. 
  39. New Cathedral Cemetery Office, (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Sean Feeley to Ann C Gilchrest, letter, 14 August 2009 providing plat record. 
  40. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register March 22 1892–16 July 1904, entry Mary R Carrigan, 1889, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 8 April 2018); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm. Philadelphia. 
  41. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 22 March 1892–16 July 1904, entry James McKenna, 1893, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 7 April 2018); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  42. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register March 22 1892–16 July 1904, entry Kate Carrigan, 1893, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 8 April 2018); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm. Philadelphia. 
  43. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 18 July 1904–26 March 1929, entry Hugh Carrigan, 1925, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 8 April 2018); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm. Philadelphia. 
  44. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 30 October 1884–21 March 1892, entry Ann Carrigan, 1885, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. Return of a Death in the City of Philadelphia, no. 3, Ann Corrigan, 8 December 1885; FHL microfilm publication 2070704. 
  45. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 30 October 1884–21 March 1892, entry John J Carrigan, 1885, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  46. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery, 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 30 October 1884–21 March 1892, entry Mary Ann McKenna, 1886, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 7 April 2018); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  47. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 18 July 1904–26 March 1929, entry Patrick Carrigan, 1912, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  48. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 52889, Helen Corrigan, 28 June 1935; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  49. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Index no. 7 circa 1935, p. A-35, entry Ellen Carrigan 1935, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  50. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Index no. 7 circa 1935, p. O-50, entry Patrick Corrigan 1938, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  51. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Register 18 July 1904–26 March 1929, entry Thomas Vero, 1905, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  52. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Index no. 7 circa 1935, p. O-52, entry John Corrigan 1944, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  53. New Cathedral Catholic Cemetery 2nd and Butler Streets, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Burial Index no. 7 circa 1935, p. O-52, entry Catherine Corrigan 1944, digital image, “Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Church and Town Records, 1708-1985,” Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 2 May 2015); citing Historical Society of Pennsylvania, microfilm, Philadelphia. 
  54. People for Better Pennsylvania Historical Records Access (PaHR-Access) (www.pahr-access.org : accessed 6 April 2018). 
  55. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 57200, Hugh Carrigan, 18 June 1925; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  56. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 61078, Margaret Corrigan, 31 May 1943; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  57. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 38554, Patrick Carrigan, 4 April 1938; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  58. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 1368, Catherine McKenna, 24 January 1923; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  59. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 10077, Patrick Carrigan, 24 January 1923; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  60. Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, death certificate no. 28436, John Corrigan, 23 March 1944; Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg. 
  61. 1860 U. S. Census, New York County, New York, population schedule, New York Ward 22, District 1, p. 287 (penned), dwelling 717 family 2312, Patrick Corigan [Corrigan] household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 28 September 2011); citing NARA microfilm publication M653, roll 821. 
  62. 1870 U. S. Census, New York County, New York, population schedule, New York Ward 22, District 8, p. 230B (stamped), dwelling 160, family 381, Patrick Corrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed 5 July 2004); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 1012. 1870 U. S. Census, New York County, New York, population schedule, New York Ward 22, District 14 (2nd enumeration), p. 442A-442B (stamped), dwelling not listed, family 617, Patk Carrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed January 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 1052. 
  63. Stephen P. Morse, PhD, One-Step Webpages (http://stevemorse.org/census/1870secondenumeration.htm : accessed 7 April 2018). 
  64. Wikipedia (http://www.wikipedia.org : accessed 8 April 2018), “1870 United States Census,” rev. 01:46, 7 December 2017. 
  65. 1880 U. S. Census, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, population schedule, Philadelphia, Enumeration District (ED) 608, p. 594B (stamped), dwelling 49, family 52, Patrick Carrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed before 2003); citing NARA microfilm publication T9, roll 1187. 
  66. New York County, Manhattan, Register of Births, vol. 12, p. 237, entry for John Kerrigan, 7 June 1864; FHL microfilm 1315314. 
  67. New York County, Manhattan, Register of Births, Liber no. 8, p. 233, entry for –?– Kerrigan, 20 July 1861; FHL microfilm 1315313. 
  68. New York County, Manhattan, Register of Deaths, vol. 20, n.p. entry 20 August 1853 infant daughter of Corrigan Patk; FHL microfilm 447556. 
  69. 1870 U. S. Census, New York County, New York, population schedule, New York Ward 22, District 14 (2nd enumeration), p. 442A-442B (stamped), dwelling not listed, family 617, Patk Carrigan household; digital image, Ancestry (http://www.ancestry.com : accessed January 2010); citing NARA microfilm publication M593, roll 1052. 
  70. H. Wilson, compiler, Trow’s New York City Directory, For The Year Ending May 1, 1857, (New York: John F Trow, 1856), p. 138, Carrigan, Patrick; “US City Directories, 1821-1989,” digital image, Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 4 May 2015). 
  71. St. Bridget’s Catholic Church (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), Parish Register of Baptisms, Vol. III, 9 October 1887 – 25 January 1903, p. 223, 2nd entry, Vero, Mariam Ceciliaus, 23 September 1894; “Philadelphia Roman Catholic Parish Baptisms,” database & images, findmypast (https://findmypast.com : accessed 28 January 2017); Archdiocese of Philadelphia microfilm roll no. 259; Philadelphia. 
  72. “New York Roman Catholic Parish Baptisms,” index, findmypast (https://findmypast.com : accessed 8 April 2018), search parameters, mothers name Ann, fathers name Patrick, last name Corrigan, include name variants. 
  73.  New York County, Manhattan, Register of Births, Liber no. 8, p. 233, entry for –?– Kerrigan, 20 July 1861; FHL microfilm 1315313. 
  74.  New York County, Manhattan, Register of Births, vol. 12, p. 237, entry for John Kerrigan, 7 June 1864; FHL microfilm 1315314. 
  75. H. Wilson, compiler, Trow’s New York City Directory, For The Year Ending May 1, 1857, (New York: John F Trow, 1856), p. 138, Carrigan, Patrick; “US City Directories, 1821-1989,” digital image, Ancestry (http://Ancestry.com : accessed 4 May 2015).